Accidents that are caused by negligence are a constant occurrance around the globe, at the top of the list for these type of injury are ofcourse the job locations that we already associate with danger, places like oil rigs and construction sites. This is because there is so much hazardous activity going on in these places, that even with stringent health and safety controls in place it is unachievable to remove the risks entirely, one small lapse of concentration or negligent action can have catastrophic effects. Even something as simple as ensuring that employees are using the personal protective equipment provided to them can have a positive impact in lowering accident rates and the severity of any injuries that do still happen.
Training is a vital aspect of a positive health and safety culture, and in many cases training is obligatory to ensure compliance with current legislation. This is the case with most types of heavy lifting machinery, and Hiab Training is no exception to this rule. A HIAB crane is the type of crane commonly seen mounted on the back of lorries, their usage is very diverse but usual applications include delivery of concrete aggregates and pallates of bricks or other building materials. They are also used by tow truck companies for the purpose of removing untaxed vehicles from the road, in this case they are normally equipped with a powerful electro magnet.
There are several things a Hiab Operator can do to make each lift as safe as possible, and below I will outline a few of these simple but important checks:
Before commencing operation the crane should be subject to a thorough visual check up, the type of things you should be looking for are damage to the load chain, damaged switches and controls, missing parts or loose parts, sheaves abd guards. If anything at all is amiss do not operate the crane untill a satisfactory repair has been carried out.
2. Lifting limit.
It is crucial that you are familiarized with the weight and distance limitations of your equipment, If you try to lift a load that is too heavy for your equipment, or try to deliver a load outside the safe lifting area, there is a very real chance your load chain will break, or your lorry will overturn, If in doubt simply refuse to lift the load, and if possible get the load split so you can lift it in two goes if weight is the issue.
3. Correct Slinging.
Make sure your load is attached safely using slings of the correct weight, slinging the load so that your lifting point is above the loads centre of gravity, many loads will have a specific lifting point to make this proceedure easier.
4.Clear the lift area.
Never start a lift with pedestrians or things in the way of your lift path.
5. Power lines.
If you are lifting outdoors, or in an area that you are not familiar with, always check for overhead powerlines, contact with powerlines is a major cause of death on building sites.
6. Be prepared.
It always pays to be prepared for an emergency, carrying a well equipped first aid kit and a fire extinguisher are obvious but essential preperations. Frequent drills to go through the safe recovery of a crane operator in the event of an emergency are a valuable addition.
The above are just a quick peek at some of the precations that can make heavy lifting equipment safer, Your Hiab Training will give you a far more indepth knowledge of the safety measures you will need to be familiar with before becoming a qualified crane operator.
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